Identifying Surface Soil Compaction
The top 6-8 inches of soil are approximately 40% clay, which creates management challenges. Surface compaction in the Van Wert County area is commonly seen, but I would argue that surface compaction only plays a role in harming crop development during the emergence stage of a crop. Once the crop is out of the ground, then surface compaction plays less of a role on restricting crop growth and development other than restricting moisture movement from the surface to the subsoil. Subsurface compaction, on the other hand, can prove to be very detrimental to crop growth and development. Especially if the subsurface compaction creates a nearly impervious layer for roots to penetrate.